More Christian Apocrypha

This page is intended as a companion to the forthcoming volumes New Testament Apocrypha: More Non-canonical Scriptures edited by Tony Burke (York University, Toronto) and Brent Landau (University of Texas). The first volume in the series is planned for publication by William B. Eerdmans in 2014

Collections of Christian Apocrypha (CA) are commonplace both in scholarly circles and in the popular book market. Typically these collections gather together non-canonical texts believed to have been composed within the first four centuries CE. This leaves a large number of other texts relatively unexamined, even though some of them had a great impact on medieval Christian piety. New Testament Apocrypha: More Non-canonical Scriptures (or MNTA) seeks to address this problem by bringing together North America’s CA scholars with the goal of editing and translating a wide assortment of little-known and never-before-published apocryphal texts for a scholarly and popular audience.

The project is a mirror of the More Old Testament Pseudepigrapha volumes under preparation by Jim Davila, Richard Bauckham, and Alexander Panayatov (University of St. Andrews, Edinburgh). These volumes collect material that is not included in the edition of Old Testament Pseudepigrapha published by James Charlesworth in the 1980s. Where Charlesworth’s volumes focused on early texts of Jewish provenance, the MOTP project seeks to include also medieval and Christian works, as well as new texts and new sources for texts that have surfaced since Charlesworth’s day. The first volume of the MOTP is due for publication by Eerdmans in September 2013. To read more about the project, visit http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/divinity/rt/moreoldtestamentpseudepigrapha/, or see the entry at Eerdmans’ online catalogue.

The MNTA project (which has been developed in consultation with Jim Davila) similarly seeks to collect neglected apocryphal texts. Where MOTP is conceptualized as a supplement to Charlesworth, MNTA is an enlargement of the most recent English-language CA collection (but now almost two decades old): J. K. Elliott’s The Apocryphal New Testament (Oxford 1991). There is no need to duplicate Elliott’s work, nor is there utility in presenting texts that have been published in other collections (e.g., the Nag Hammadi Library) or recent editions (e.g., Abraham Terrian’s 2008 edition of the Armenian Gospel of the Infancy). However, several of the texts in Elliott do need to be updated (e.g., the Dormition of Mary, the Infancy Gospel of Thomas) and there are numerous texts that are simply not included, primarily because they hail from a more recent time than those texts typically included in such collections. Many of these have scarcely been examined in over a century and are in dire need of new editions and translations.

Below are listed a range of CA texts that are not typically found in modern English CA collections. Some of these, however, have appeared recently in their own editions and/or English translations; thus, they will not be included in future MNTA volumes, except perhaps in summary or excerpts where it is felt more attention needs to be paid to the text.  Each entry includes resources for introductory study of the texts (including outdated but accessible translations and/or translations in non-English languages, some indication of the range of manuscript sources for the text, and a handful of secondary sources).

Abbreviations:

Lipsius-Bonnet=R. A. Lipsius and M. Bonnet, Acta Apostolorum Apocrypha (1891-1903; repr. Hildesheim 1972).

Lipsius= R. A. Lipsius, Die apockryphen Apostelgeschichten und Apostellegenden (1883-1890; repr. Amsterdam, 1976).

EAC 1=Écrits apocryphes chrétiens, vol. 1, eds. F. Bovon and P. Geoltrain (Paris: Gallimard, 1997).

EAC 2=Écrits apocryphes chrétiens, vol. 2, eds. P. Geoltrain and J.-D. Kaestli (Paris: Gallimard, 2005).

Ehrman-Pleše=Bart Ehrman and Zlatko Pleše, The Apocryphal Gospels: Texts and Translations (Oxford, 2011).

Elliott=J. K. Elliott, The Apocryphal New Testament (Oxford: Clarendon, 1993).

Klauck=H.-J. Klauck, The Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, trans. B. McNeil (Waco, TX: Baylor UP, 2008).

De Santos=A. de Santos Otero, “Later Acts of the Apostles,” pp. 426-482 in W. Schneemelcher, New Testament Apocrypha, vol. 2, trans. R. McL. Wilson (Louisville, KY: WJK Press, 1992).

1. Gospels and Related Traditions of New Testament Figures

Various Childhood Miracles of Jesus from Latin Infancy Gospels

Manuscripts: see the descriptions in J. Gijsel, Pseudo-Matthaei Euangelium. Textus et commentaries (CCSA 9), Turnhout 1997 (and subsequent updates).

Additional Bibliography: C. Dimier-Paupert, Livre de l’Enfance du Sauveur. Une version médiévale de l’Évangile de l’Enfance du Pseudo-Matthieu (xiiie siècle), Paris 2006  (an edition of Paris, Bibl. nat., lat. 11867); M. R. James, Latin Infancy Gospels. A New Text, with a Parallel Version from the Irish (Cambridge 1927); S. Voicu, “La tradition latine des Paidika,” Bulletin de l’AELAC 14 (2004), p. 13-21.

Armenian Infancy Gospel

In preparation (summary) for vol. 1 by Abraham Terian.

Revelation of the Magi

In preparation (excerpts only) for vol. 1 by Brent Landau.

Previous editions: B. Landau, Revelation of the Magi: The Lost Tale of the Wise Men’s Journey to Bethlehem (San Francisco: Harper Collins, 2010). Based on Landau’s dissertation, “The Sages and the Star-Child: An Introduction to the Revelation of the Magi, An Ancient Christian Apocryphon,” Ph. D. diss.., Harvard Divinity School, 2008 (available HERE).

Manuscripts: Vatican, Syr. 162

The Story of the Good Thief (CANT 78)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Mark Bilby.

Previous editions: Ehrman 146-55 (A and V of Arundel form)

Manuscripts: interpolated in two Ps.-Matt. Mss (Brit. Mus., Harley 3199 fol. 104-105 [14th c.] and Namur, Bibliothèque du Séminaire, lat. 80 [12th c.]), two Mss of the J Compilation (Brit. Mus., Arundel 404 [14th c.] and another), and one of Tischendorf’s Acts of Pilate B Mss (Venet, Marc. 87 [15th c.]).

Additional Bibliography: M. R. James, Latin Infancy Gospels. A New Text, with a Parallel Version from the Irish (Cambridge 1927), 120-126; M. Geerard, “Le bon larron, un apocryphe inédit,” in Philologia sacra, Vol. 2, Aus der Geschichte der lateinischen Bibel 24, 2 (Freiburg 1993), 355-363.

Vision of Theophilus (CANT 56; CPG 2628)

In preparation for vol. 2 by Tony Burke, Slavomir Céplö, and Witold Witakowski.

Previous editions: A. Mingana, “The Vision of Theophilus, Or the Book of the Flight of the Holy Family into Egypt”, in Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 13 (1929), pp. 383-474; reprinted in ID., Woodbroke Studies fascicle 3, Cambridge 1931 (available HERE)

Manuscripts: Arabic (likely the original language), Syriac (perhaps best represented by Mingana Syr. 48, from 1906), Garshuni, Ethiopic

Additional Bibliography: F. Nau, “La version syriaque de la vision de Théophile sur le séjour de la Vierge en Egypte,” Revue de l’Orient chrétien 15 (1910), pp. 125-132; C. Naffah, “Les ‘Histoires’ Syriaques de la Vierge traditions apocryphes anciennes et récentes,” Apocrypha (forthcoming).

The Syriac Version of the Childhood of Jesus (aka Infancy Gospel of Thomas)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Tony Burke.

Previous Editions: W. Wright, Contributions to the Apocryphal Literature of the New Testament, collected and edited from Syriac Manuscripts in the British Museum, with an English translation and notes, London 1865, p. 11-16 (text), p. 6-11 (translation); preliminary work on new edition by T. Burke (available HERE)

Manuscripts: British Library, Add. 14484 (5th c.), Göttingen Universitätsbibliothek, Syr. 10 (5/6th c.), Vatican, Syr. 159 (1622/1623), Mingana, Syr. 105 (1832/1833), and incorporated into an additional 17 Mss of a Western recension of The Life of Mary (CANT 95) and three of an Eastern Life of Mary (CANT 94).

Additional Bibliography: W. Baars and J. Heldermann, “Neue Materielen zum Text und zur Interpretation des Kindheitsevangeliums des Pseudo-Thomas”, OrChr 77 (1993), p. 191-226; 78 (1994), p. 1-32; E. A. W. Budge, The History of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the History of the Likeness of Christ, 2 vols., London 1899, vol. 2, pp. 71-82 (IGT material in English), vol 1, pp. 67-76 (in Syriac); T. Burke, “The Infancy Gospel of Thomas from an Unpublished Syriac Manuscript. Introduction, Text, Translation, and Notes,” Apocrypha (forthcoming).

The Legend of Aphroditianus, or The Narrative of Events Happening in Persia on the Birth of Christ, falsely attributed to Julius Africanus

In preparation for vol. 1 by Katharina Heyden.

Previous editions: ANF 6, 130 (on-line text)

Manuscripts: embedded in multiple Greek Mss of De gestis in Perside; incorporated in John Damas­cene’s Homily on the Incarnation of Christ (also Greek); and two Slavonic recensions.

Additional Bibliography: Pauline Bringel, Une polémique religieuse à la cour perse: le De gestis in Perside. Histoire du téxte, édition critique et traduction (2 vol. Paris: Diss. Sorbonne 2007); Katharina Heyden, Die “Erzählung des Aphroditian.” Thema und Variationen einer Legende im Spannungsfeld von Christentum und Heidentum (Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 53; Tübingen: Morh Siebeck, 2009).

Pseudo-Eusebius of Caesarea, “On the Star”

In preparation for vol. 1 by Brent Landau.

Previous editions: W. Wright, “Eusebius of Caesarea On the Star,” The Journal of Sacred Literature, 4th series vol. 9 (1866) p. 117; vol. 10 (1867), pp.150-164 (available HERE), audio (available HERE).

Manuscripts: Syriac (British Library, Add. 17,142)

Dialogue of the Paralytic with Christ (CANT 85)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Brad Rice.

Previous editions: EAC 2, pp. 63-74

Manuscripts: Georgian and Armenian.

Additional Bibliography: B. Outtier, “Paralytique et ressuscité (CANT 85 et 62). Vie des apocryphes en arménien,” Apocrypha 8 (1997): 111-119.

Selected stories from Solomon of Basra, the Book of the Bee

In preparation for vol. 1 by Liza Anderson.

Previous editions: E. A. W. Budge, The Book of the Bee: The Syriac Text Edited from the Manuscripts in London, Oxford, Munich, with an English Translation, Anecdota Oxoniensia, Semitic Series, 1, part II (Oxford: Clarendon, 1886) (available HERE).

Manuscripts: additional Syriac and Garshuni Mss listed in T. Burke and S. ?éplö, “The Syriac Tradition of the Legend of the Thirty Pieces of Silver” (forthcoming).

Selected stories from the Cave of Treasures

Previous editions: E. A. W. Budge, The Book of the Cave of Treasures (London: The Religious Tract Society, 1927) (available HERE)

Manuscripts: Syriac

On the Priesthood of Jesus (aka the Confession of Theodosius) (CANT 54)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Bill Adler.

Previous Editions: EAC2, 77-99; Arabic text and translation in B. Evetts, History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria (Saint Mark to Theonas). Patrologia Orientalis 1.2. Paris, 1907, p. 120-134 (available HERE).

Manuscripts: Greek, Slavonic, Arabic, and Georgian.

Additional Bibliography: Stephen Gero, “Apocryphal Gospels: A Survey of Textual and Literary Problems.” ANRW 25.2:3978–84. New York: De Gruyter, 1988, 3979-3980.

Homily on the Life of Jesus and His Love for the Apostles

Previous editions: EAC 2, p. 103-134. Some material in F. Robinson, Coptic Apocryphal Gospels (Texts and Studies, 4.2; Cambridge 1896), p. xxix-xxxii, 168-179, 238-244.

Manuscripts: various Coptic fragments.

Additional Bibliography: F. Morard, “Homélie copte sur les apôtres au jugement dernier,” in D. H. Warren et al, eds., Early Christian Voices in texts, Traditions, and Symbols (Biblical Interpretation Series, 66; Boston/Leyde, 2003), p. 417-430.

Apocryphal Gospel of John (CANT 44)

Previous editions: I. Galbiati, Iohannis evangelium apocryphum arabice (Mediolani: In aedibus Mondadorianis, 1957); L. Moraldi, Vangelo Arabo apocrifo dell’Apostolo Giovanni da un Manoscritto della Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Biblioteca di Cultura Medievale (Milan: Editoriale Jaca Book, 1991).

Manuscripts: earliest Ms is believed to be MS Sinai Arabic 441 (late 12th c.); related to the Ethiopic Miracles of Jesus (CANT 45).

Additional Bibliography: M. Van Esbroeck, “À propos de l’Évangile apocryphe arabe attribute à Saint Jean,” Mélanges de l’Université Saint-Joseph 49 (Mélanges offerts au R. P. Henri Fleisch, S.J.) (1975-1976): 597-603; C. Horn, “Syriac and Arabic Perspectives on the Structural and Motif Parallels Regarding Jesus’ Childhood in Christian Apocrypha and Early Islamic Literature: The ‘Book of Mary,’ the Arabic Apocryphal Gospel of John, and the Qur’an,” Apocrypha 19 (2008): 267-291.

The Life of Judas

Previous editions: E. K. Rand, “Mediaeval Lives of Judas Iscariot,” in Anniversary Papers by Colleagues and Pupils of George Lyman Kittredge (Boston, 1913), p. 305-316. A version of this text is incorporated into The Golden Legend (available HERE).

Manuscripts: Baum lists 42 Latin Mss.

Additional Bibliography: P. L. Baum, “The Mediaeval Legend of Judas Iscariot,” PMLA 31.3 (1916): 481-632.

History of the Thirty Pieces of Silver

In preparation for vol. 1 by Tony Burke and Slavomir Céplö.

Previous editions: G. F. Hill, “The Thirty Pieces of Silver,” Archaeologica 59 (1905): 235-254 (repr. in his The Medallic portraits of Christ: The False Shekels: The Thirty Pieces of Silver [Oxford: Clarendon, 1920], p. 91-116); T. Burke and S. Céplö, “The Syriac Tradition of the Legend of the Thirty Pieces of Silver” (forthcoming) (English translation available HERE)

Manuscripts: Latin, Syriac, Garshuni, Armenian, and romance languages.

Additional Bibliography: David Hook, “The Legend of the Thirty Pieces of Silver,” in A. D. Deyermond et al, eds., The Medieval Mind: Hispanic Studies in Honour of Alan Deyermond (London: Tamesis, 1997), p. 205-221.

History of the Holy Rood-tree

Description: a Legend of the True Cross incorporating an account of the thirty silver pieces (here rings or crowns) given to Judas to betray Jesus.

Previous editions: English translation in Arthur S. Napier, History of the Holy Rood-tree (EETS, Old Series 103; London: Oxford University Press, 1894), 69.

Manuscripts: Latin, Greek, Amharic, Arabic.

Additional Bibliography: Thomas L. Kane, “An Amharic Version of the Origin of the Cross,” BSAOS 44. 2 (1981): 273-89; Jakob Gretser, Hortus Sanctae Crucis (Ingolstadt, 1610), p. 233; E. A. Wallis Budge, The Queen of Sheba and Her Only Son Menyelek (London: Martin Hopkinson& Co., 1922), xxxix-xlv.

Coptic Life of Mary

In preparation for vol. 1 by Brice Jones.

Latin Life of Mary

In preparation for vol. 1 by Mary Dzon.

East Syriac Life of Mary (CANT 94; BHO 643-645)

Transitus/Dormition of Mary (CANT 100-177)

Previous editions: A. Walker, trans. In Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. 8. A. Roberts, J. Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe, eds., (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1886.) (available HERE)

Manuscripts: most important are the Ethiopic Liber Requiei Mariae (The Book of Mary’s Repose) and the “Six Books” Dormition Narratives in Syriac.

Additional Bibliography: S. J. Shoemaker, Ancient Traditions of the Virgin Mary’s Dormition and Assumption (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, 2006); W. Wright, Contributions to the Apocryphal Literature of the New Testament, collected and edited from Syriac Manuscripts in the British Museum, with an English translation and notes (London 1865), p. 18-41.

Life of John the Baptist by Serapion (CANT 183)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Slavomir Céplö.

Previous editions: Alphonse Mingana, “A New Life of John the Baptist,” in Woodbrooke Studies: Christian Documents in Syriac, Arabic, and Garshuni, vol. 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1927), 138-145, 234-287 (available HERE and HERE).

Manuscripts: Garshuni (Mingana collection, Syr. 22, 183, 367 and 369).

Additional Bibliography: T. Burke, “The New Testament and Other Early Christian Traditions in Serapion’s Life of John the Baptist” (forthcoming)

The Life and Martyrdom of John the Baptist by Mark the Evanglist (CANT 181; BHG 834)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Andrew Bernhard.

Previous editions: F. Nau, “Histoire de saint Jean Baptiste,” PO 4 (1908): 526-541.

Manuscripts: Greek (see CANT 181) and Slavonic.

Additional Bibliography: A. Berendts, Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der Zacharias- und Johannes-Apokryphen (TU, N. F. 11, 3; Leipzig: J. C. Hinrich, 1904), p. 15-17.

The Beheading of John the Baptist by Euriptus, the Disciple of John (CANT 180.2; BHG 832)

Previous editions: A. Vassiliev, Anecdota graeco-byzantina, I (Moscow: Universitatis Caesareae, 1893), 1-4 (English translation available HERE).

Manuscripts: Greek, Montis Casin. 277 (11th c.), Vat. gr. 1192 (15th c.), and Vat. gr. 1989 (12th c.).

Additional Bibliography: A. Berendts, Die handschriftliche Überlieferung der Zacharias- und Johannes-Apokryphen (TU, N. F. 11, 3; Leipzig: J. C. Hinrich, 1904).

The Invention of John the Baptist’s Head

In preparation for vol. 1 by Paul Dilley.

Encomium of John the Baptist (CANT 184; CPG 5150.3)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Andrew Bernhard.

Previous editions: E. A. Wallis Budge, Coptic Apocrypha in the Dialect of Upper Egypt (Oxford: Longman and Co., 1913), 137-143 (text), 343-350 (translation). Also re-examined and translated into French in EAC 1, p. 1553-1578.

Manuscripts: Coptic, British Museum, MS. Oriental No. 7024 (10th c.); perhaps Syriac (Mingana, Syr. 225; ca. 1450).

Additional Bibliography: E. O. Windstedt, “A Coptic Fragment Attributed to James the Brother of the Lord,” JTS 8 (1907), 240-248.

Book of the Cock

Previous editions: EAC 2, p. 137-203.

Manuscripts: Ethiopic.

Additional Bibliography: R. W. Cowley, “The So-called “Ethiopic Book of the Cock”—Part of an Apocryphal passion Gospel, The Homily and Teaching of our Fathers the Holy Apostles,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1985), 16-22; P. Piovanelli, “Exploring the Ethiopic Book of the Cock, An Apocryphal Passion Gospel from late Antiquity,” HTR 96 (2003): 427-454.

Life of Mary Magdalene (CANT 72; BHG 1161x)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Nicole Kelly.

Previous editions: F. Halkin, “Une Vie grecque de sainte Marie-Madeleine,” AnBoll 105 (1987): 5-23. Material available also in The Golden Legend (on-line version HERE).

Manuscripts: Greek.

Additional Bibliography: M. Geerard, “Marie-Madeleine, dénonciatrice de Pilate,” Sacris Erudiri 31 (1989-1990): 139-148.

Encomium on Mary Magdalene (CANT 73)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Christine Luckritz Marquis.

Previous editions: R. G. Coquin and G. Godron, “Un encomium copte sur Marie-Madeleine attribute à Cyrille de Jérusalem,” Bulletin de l’Institute français d’archéologie orientale 90 (1990): 169-212.

Manuscripts: Coptic

Epistle of Christ from Heaven (CANT 311)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Calogero Miceli.

Previous editions: EAC 2, p. 1101-1119; P. Beskow, Strange Tales about Jesus: A Survey of Unfamiliar Gospels (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1983), p. 25-26 (available HERE)

Manuscripts: various. Earliest Greek versions reflected in Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, gr. 925 (15th c.) and Vatican, Barber. III 3 (1497).

Additional Bibliography: M. Bittner, “Der vom Himmel gefallene Brief in seinen morgenländischen Versionen und Rezensionen,” Denkschriften der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften: philosophisch-historische Klasse 51.1 (Vienna 1906), p. 1-240 (transcription of Paris, BN gr. 925 on pp. 16-21); Robert Priebsch, Letter from Heaven on the Observance of the Lord’s Day, Medium Aevum 5, supplementary volume (Oxford 1936).

Avenging of the Savior (CANT 70; BHL 4221)

Previous editions: EAC 2, p. 371-398; A. Walker, trans. In Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. 8. A. Roberts, J. Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe, eds., (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1886.) (available HERE)

Manuscripts: Latin.

Additional Bibliography: J. E. Cross, Two Old English Apocrypha and their Manuscript Source: The Gospel of Nicodemus and the Avenging of the Saviour (Cambridge 1996) (includes edition of Latin Ms of Saint-Omer)

Somnium Neronis

Cure of Tiberias

Martyrdom of Pilate (CANT 75) and the Lament of the Virgin (CANT 74)

Previous editions: Alphonse Mingana, “Lament of the Virgin” and “Martyrdom of Pilate,” in Woodbrooke Studies: Christian Documents in Syriac, Arabic, and Garshuni, vol. 2 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1928), 163-332. (available HERE)

Manuscripts: Ethiopic, Arabic, Garshuni, Coptic.

Narrative of Joseph of Arimathea (CANT 76; BHG 779r)

Previous editions: EAC 2, p. 331-354; A. Walker, trans. In Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. 8. A. Roberts, J. Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe, eds., (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1886.) (available HERE)

Manuscripts: Greek and Slavonic; another text (?) is known in Georgian (CANT 77)

Additional Bibliography: R. Gounelle, “A propos d’une refonte de la Narratio Iosephi, jadis confondue avec les Acta Pilati, et d’un drame religieux qu’elle a inspire,” Apocrypha 5 (1994): 165-188.

2. Apocryphal Acts and Related Traditions

Acts of Barnabas (CANT 285; BHG 225)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Glenn Snyder.

Previous editions: Lipsius-Bonnet, II.2, p. 292-302; Walker, ANF 16, p. 293-300 (on-line text); E. Norelli, EAC 2, p. 619-642.

Manuscripts: Greek, Latin, Slavonic.

Additional Bibliography: Elliott, p. 523-524; De Santos, p. 465-466; Klauck, p. 247 (summaries).

Acts and Martyrdom of Bartholomew (CANT 258, 260-264; BHGa 226z, etc.)

Previous editions: Lipsius-Bonnet, II.1, p. 128-150

Manuscripts: Greek (longer version unedited from Cod. Wimar. Q 729, fol. 173-180, 11th c.), Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic, Armenian

Additional Bibliography: De Santos, p. 451-452; Klauck, p. 243-244.

Passion of Bartholomew (CANT 259; see Ps. Abdias) (on-line text)

Acts of Cornelius

In preparation for vol. 1 by Tony Burke and Witold Witakowski.

Acts of Nereus and Achillius ?

Acts and Martyrdom of James the Brother of the Lord (CANT 274, 276-279; BHG 763y, etc.)

Previous editions: Lipsius II.2, p. 229-257.

Manuscripts: unedited Greek text (BHG763y) in Cod. Sinait. gr. 493, fol. 191-197 (8/9th c.); Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic, Armenian, Georgian

Additional Bibliography: De Santos, p. 478-479; Klauck, p. 243-244.

The Passion of James the Brother of the Lord (CANT 275; see Ps. Abdias)

Acts of James, Son of Zebedee (aka the Greater) (CANT 273)

Previous editions: A. Smith Lewis, Horae Semiticae III-IV (London, 1904), p. 26-29, 30-36 (Arabic).

Manuscripts: Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic. Also a late Greek text (=BHG 767) edited by J. Ebersolt, Les Actes de S. Jacques et les Actes d’Aquilas d’après deux manuscrits grecs de la Bibliothèque nationale (Paris, 1902).

Additional Bibliography: Klauck, p. 244-245; De Santos, p. 476-477.

Passion of James, Son of Zebedee (CANT 272; see Ps. Abdias)

History of John, the Son of Zebedee

Previous editions: Wright, Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles (1871) Volume 2, pp. 3-60 (online text).

John and the Young Bishop of Ephesus (Clement of Alexandria, Quis dives salvetur 42.1–15)

Description: a short tale of John preserved by Clement of Alexandria. Excerpted also in Eusebius, Eccl. hist. 3.23 (online text).

Passion of Luke (CANT 290-294)

Previous editions: Lipsius II.2, 354-371; EAC 2, p. 961-978.

Manuscripts: Syriac, Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic.

Additional Bibliography: Klauck, p. 248; De Santos, p. 467-468.

Acts of Mark (CANT 288-290; BHG 2036m)

Previous editions: Lipsius II.2, p. 321-353; F. Halkin, “Actes inédits de saint Marc,” AnBoll 87 (1969): 343-371.

Manuscripts: Greek and Coptic (CANT 290=Encomium)

Additional Bibliography: Klauck p. 247-248; De Santos, p. 464-465.

Passion of Mark (CANT 287; BHG 1035, 2036)

Previous editions: PG 115, p. 164-169; EAC 2, p. 569-587.

Manuscripts: Greek (with two unedited versions BHG 1036c, 1036d), Latin, Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic.

Additional Bibliography: Klauck p. 247-248; De Santos, p. 461-464.

Acts and Martyrdom of Matthew (CANT 267 cf. 268-269, 271; BHG 1224-1225 etc.)

Previous editions: Lipsius-Bonnet, II.1, p. 217-266; Lipsius II.2, p. 109-141; EAC 2, p. 541-564; ANF 16, p. 373-388 (on-line).

Manuscripts: Greek, Latin, Armenian, Slavonic, Ethiopic, Arabic.

Additional Bibliography: Klauck p. 244; Elliott, p. 520-523; De Santos, p. 458-460.

Passion of Matthew (CANT 270;see Ps. Abdias)

Martyrdom of the Blessed Apostle Peter (Passio Petri) by Pseudo-Linus (CANT 191; BHL 6655)

Previous Editions: Lipsius, part 1, pp. 1-22; Salonius, A. H. (ed.)  Martyrium beati Petri (Helsingfors, 1926); Otto Zwierlein,  Petrus in Rom:  Die literarische Zeugnisse. Online translation.

Manuscripts: Latin.

Additional Bibliography: De Santos, p. 436-37.

Martyrdom of the Apostle Paul (Passio Pauli) by Pseudo-Linus (CANT 212; BHL 6570)

Previous Editions: Lipsius, part 1, pp. 23-44. Online translation.

Manuscripts: Latin.

Additional Bibliography: De Santos, p. 439.

Acts of Peter (Syriac Epitome)

In preparation for vol. 1 by F. Stanley Jones.

Manuscripts: Syriac.

Preaching of Simon Cephas in the City of Rome (CANT 199)

Previous editions: This text was published in Syriac and English by William Cureton, Ancient Syriac Documents (London: Williams and Norgate, 1864), 35-41 (text), 35-41 (translation) (online text).

Manuscripts: Syriac. British Library, Add. 14644 and Add. 14609 (used by Cureton). The text is also contained in four additional Syriac manuscripts: Mingana, Syr 4; Harvard, Houghton Library 99; Leningrad, Syriac n.s. 4, and Montserat 31

Acts of Philip (CANT 250-255; BHGa 1524c-f etc.)

Previous editions: Lipsius-Bonnet II.2, p. 1-98; F. Bovon, B. Bouvier, F. Amsler, Acta Philippi 2 vols., CCSA 11 and 12 (Turnhout, 1999); ANF 16 (on-line text).

Manuscripts: Greek, Syriac, Slavonic, Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic

Additional Bibliography: Elliott, p. 512-518 (summary); Klauck, p. 232-243; Bovon, F. “Les Actes de Philippe,” ANRW II, 25. 1988): 4431-4527.

Passion of Philip (see Ps. Abdias)

History of Philip (CANT 253; BHO 974)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Robert Kerr.

Previous editions: Wright, Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles (1871) Volume 2, pp.69-92 (on-line text).

Manuscripts: Syriac.

Acts of Simon the Canaanean (CANT 282.)

Previous editions: A. Smith Lewis, Acta Mythologica, p. 96-98; Mythological Acts, p. 115-117 (Arabic); Lipsius II.2, p. 152-154.

Manuscripts: Coptic, Arabic, Ethiopic.

Additional Bibliography: De Santos, p. 479-480.

Passion of Simon and Jude (CANT 284; see Ps. Abdias)

Acts of Stephen (CANT 300-303)

Previous editions: Y. ‘Abd al-Masih, “A Coptic Apocryphon of Saint Stephen the Archdeacon,” Muséon 70 (1957): 329-347; id., “An Arabic Apocryphon of Saint Stephen the Archdeacon,” Studia Prientalia Christiana Collecteana 13 (1968-1969): 161-198.

Manuscripts: Coptic, Arabic, Georgian.

Acts of Thaddeus (CANT 299; BHG 1702-1703).

Previous editions: Lipsius-Bonnet I, p. 273-278; Lipsius II.2, p. 178-200; EAC 2, p. 645-696.

Manuscripts: Greek and Armenian.

Additional Bibliography: Klauck p. 249; De Santos p. 481; A. Palmer, “Les Actes de Thaddée,” Apocrypha 13 (2002): 63-84.

Acts of Timothy (CANT 295-297; BHG 1847, 1848, 1848b)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Cavan Concannon.

Previous editions: Lipsius II.2, p. 372-400; EAC 2, p. 589-601.

Manuscripts: Greek and Latin.

Additional Bibliography: Klauck p. 248-249.

Acts of Titus (CANT 298; BGH 1850z)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Richard Pervo.

Previous editions: Lipsius II.2, p. 401-406; EAC 2, p. 605-615

Manuscripts: Greek.

Additional Bibliography: M. R. James, “The Acts of Titus and the Acts of Paul,” Journal of Theological Studies 6 (1905): 549-556.

Acts of Xanthippe and Polyxena

In preparation for vol. 1 by David Eastman.

Previous editions: M.R. James, Apocrypha anecdota, vol. 1 (TS 2.3), Cambridge: 1893, p. 43-85; W. A. Craigie, ANF 9 (1896) (on-line text)

Manuscripts: Greek (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale gr.1458 [11th cent.]; Vatican, gr. 803 [11th cent.]; Moscow, State Historical Museum gr. 161 [11th cent.]; Moscow, Russian State Library gr. 68 [521] [15th cent.])

Additional Bibliography: Klauck p. 250-251; Elliott, p. 524-525.

Doctrine of Addai (CANT 89; BHO 24)

Previous editions: G. Phillips, The Doctrine of Addai…(London, 1876) (HTML version); new translation of Phillips edition by George Howard (trans.), The Teaching of Addai (SBL Texts and Translations, 16, Early Christian Literature Series, 4; Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1981).

EAC 1, p. 1471-1525.

Manuscripts: Syriac, Armenian (BHO 9)

The Apostolic History of Peudeo-Abdias

Contains stories of: Peter, Paul, Andrew, James the Great, John, James the Less (including Acts of Simon and Jude), Matthew, Bartholomew, Thomas, and Philip

Previous editions: Borberg, K. F. Bibliothek, der neutestamentlichen Apokryphen, gesammelt, übersetzt, und erläutert. Stuttgart: Literatur-Comptoir, 1841, p. 391-721; L. Moraldi, Apocrifi del Nuovo Testamento, vol. 2 (2nd ed.; Casale Monferrato: 1992), 517-682; Fabricius, ii. 387-742; M. R. James, 462-469 (summaries of certain books); EAC 2, p. 737-864.

Manuscripts: Latin.

Additional Bibliography: Elliott, p. 525-531; Klauck, p. 251-252.

Letter of Ps.-Dionysius the Areopagite to Timothy on the Death of Peter and Paul

In preparation for vol. 1 by David Eastman.

Previous Editions: W. Scott Watson, “An Arabic Version of the Epistle of Dionysius the Areopagite to Timothy,” American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures 16.4 (1900): 225-241; E. A. Wallis Budge, The Contendings of the Apostles (London, 1899), p. 50-65 (Ethiopic).

Languages: Latin, Arabic, Ethiopic, and others.

 

3. Apocalypses

Second Apocalypse of John the Theologian (CANT 331; BHG 921-922h)

Previous editions: C. Tischendorf, Apocalypses apocryphae (Leipzig, 1866), p. 70-93; EAC 2, p. 983-1018 (=First Apocryphal Apocalypse of John); ANF 8 (on-line text); John M. Court, The Book of Revelation and the Johannine Apocalyptic Tradition (JSNT Sup. 190; Sheffield Press, 2000), p. 23-63.

Manuscripts: Greek, Armenian, Arabic, Slavonic.

Additional Bibliography: A. Whealey, “The Apocryphal Apocalypse of John. A Byzantine Apocalypse from the Early Islamic Period,” JThS 53 (2002): 535-540; Schneemelcher (in NTA II), p. 693; Elliott, p. 684.

Apocalypse of John Chrysostom (CANT 332)

Previous editions: F. Nau, “Une deuxième Apocalypse apocryphe grecque de S. Jean,” RB 11 (1914): 209-221; John M. Court, The Book of Revelation and the Johannine Apocalyptic Tradition (JSNT Sup. 190; Sheffield Press, 2000), p. 64-103.

Manuscripts: Greek (Paris, gr. 947, 16th cent.)

Additional Bibliography: Schneemelcher (in NTA II), p. 693; Elliott, p. 684; EAC 2 (=Second Apocryphal Apocalypse of John), 988-989.

Latin Apocalypse of John

In preparation for vol. 1 by Charles Wright.

Enthronement of Abadon

In preparation for vol. 1 by Alin Suciu.

Questions of James, the Brother of the Lord, to John the Theologian (aka Third Apocalypse of John)  (CANT 279; BHG 765-765b)

Previous editions: A. Vassiliev, Anecdota graeco-byzantina, I (Moscow, 1893), p. 317-322; translation in John M. Court, The Book of Revelation and the Johannine Apocalyptic Tradition (JSNT Sup. 190; Sheffield Press, 2000), p. 104-131.

Manuscripts: Greek.

Additional Bibliography: EAC 2, p. 989-990.

Mysteries of John (aka Coptic Apocalypse of John)  (CANT 333)

In preparation for vol. 2 by Alex Kocar.

Previous editions: E. A. Wallis Budge, Coptic Apocrypha in the Dialect of Upper Egypt (London, 1913), p. 59-74 (text), 241-257 (trans.); republished in John M. Court, The Book of Revelation and the Johannine Apocalyptic Tradition (JSNT Sup. 190; Sheffield Press, 2000), p. 132-163.

Manuscripts: Coptic.

Additional Bibliography: Schneemelcher (in NTA II), p. 693; Elliott, p. 684; EAC 2, p. 990.

Fourth Apocalypse of John  (BHG 922k)

Previous editions: unedited (see discussion in EAC 2, p. 989).

Manuscripts: Greek.

Apocalypse of the Virgin (CANT 327-330; BHG 1050-1054m etc.)

In preparation for vol. 1 by Stephen Shoemnaker.

Previous editions: M. R. James, Apocrypha Anecdota (Cambridge, 1893), p. 109-126; ANF 9 (on-line text); H. Pernot, “Descente de la Vierge aux Enfers d’après les manuscrits grecs de Paris,” Revue des etudes grecques 13 (1900): 233-251.

Manuscripts: Greek, Armenian, Georgian, Slavonic, Syriac, Arabic, and a second version in Ethiopic.

Additional Bibliography: Elliott, p. 686-687; Schneemelcher (in NTA II), p. 694; R. Bauckham, “Virgin, Apocalypses of the,” in D. N. Freedman (ed.), Anchor Bible Dictionary (New Yprk, 1992), 6:854-856; R. Bauckham, “The Four Apocalypses of the Virgin Mary.” Pages 332-362 in ID., The Fate of the Dead. Studies on the Jewish and Christian Apocalypses. Novum Testamentum. Supplements 93 (Leiden: Brill, 1998), p. 332-362; S. C. Mimouni, “Les Apocalypses de la Vierge. État de la question,”  Apocrypha 4 (1993): 101-112.

Revelation of Stephen (BHG 1648-1665)

Previous editions: M. J. Lagrange, Saint Étienne et son sanctuaire à Jérusalem (Paris: Picard, 1894), p. 43-52 (Latin); ; F. Bovon and B. Bouvier, “Étienne le premier martyr: du livre canonique au récit apocryphe,” in Die Apostelgeschichte und die hellenistische Geschichtsschreibung. Festschrift E. Plümacher, ed. C. Breytenbach et al (Leiden: Brill, 2004), p. 309-331 (=BHG 1649c).

Manuscripts: Greek, Latin.

Additional Bibliography: F. Bovon, “The Dossier on Stephen the First Martyr,” HTR 96 (203): 279-315.

Book of the Rolls (aka Apocalypse of Peter)

Previous editions: M. D. Gibson, Apocrypha Arabica (Cambridge, 1901) (HTML version).

Manuscripts: Syriac (Garshuni), Arabic.

The Testament of Our Savior

In preparation for vol. 1 by Maria Doerfler.

Previous editions: Cooper, James and Arthur J. Maclean. The Testament of Our Lord, translated into English from the Syriac with introduction and notes (Edinburgh 1902)

Manuscripts: Syriac, Ethiopic, Arabic (note this is a Church Order but begins with an apocalypse delivered by Jesus)

The Testament of the Apostles (?)

The Tiburtine Sybil

In preparation for vol. 1 by Stephen Shoemaker.

The Gospel of the Twelve and the Apocalypses of Each of Them

Previous editions: Harris, J. R., ed. The Gospel of the Twelve Apostles Together with the Apocalypses of Each One of Them (Cambridge, 1900).

Manuscripts: Syriac (Cod. Harris 85)

Additional Bibliography: A. F. J. Klijn, Jewish-Christian Gospel Tradition. Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 17 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1992).